Tips for Searching
At its simplest, a query can be just a word or
a phrase. But with the tips on this page, you can expand the focus of your query
to give you more complete results. These tips will get you started with basic
query language and acquaint you with the full power of Microsoft Index Server.
Look for words with the same prefix. For
example, in your query form type key*
to find key, keying, keyhole, keyboard, and so on.
Search for all forms of a word. For
example, in the form type sink** to
find sink, sinking, sank, and sunk.
Search with the keyword NEAR, rather than AND, for words close to each other. For example, both of these
queries, system and manager and system near manager, look for the words system and manager on
the same page. But with NEAR, the
returned pages are ranked in order of proximity: The closer together the
words are, the higher the rank of that page.
Refine your queries with the AND NOT keywords to exclude certain text from
your search. For example, if you want to find all instances of surfing but not the
Net, write the following query:
surfing AND NOT the Net
- Add the OR
keyword to find all instances of either one word or another, for example:
Abbott OR Costello
This query finds all pages that mention Abbott or
Costello or both.
Put quotation marks around keywords if you
want Index Server to take them literally. For instance, if you type the
Index Server will literally look for the complete phrase system near manager. But if you type the same query
without the quotation marks:
Index Server searches all documents for the words system and manager.
Use Free Text Queries if you want to enter queries using natural
language. Index Server will examine your query, extract nouns and noun
phrases and construct a query for you. With free text queries you can enter
any text you want, from a proper question, to a string of words and phrases,
without worrying about the query language. For example, if you type in the
"How do I
use the Index Server administration snap-in?"
Index Server will create a query
for you automatically and begin the search. Note that when you're using free
text queries, the regular query language features are disabled and keywords
such as AND, OR, and NEAR are
interpreted as normal words.